This interdisciplinary basic research project confronts the announcement of the “end of history” from two decades ago with the increasingly popular hypothesis about the “return of history.” This hypothesis, which rejects the initial announcement by referring to the external reality in the form of global recession, is subtilized by the way the project takes into account the ideological dimension and formulates an original hypothesis about the politico-economic operativeness of the Fukuyamian utopia in our time. The project holds that the historical fact of the economic recession is the product, and not an external limit, of the announcement of the “end of history,” which means that the “return-of-history” hypothesis is wrong insofar as it is correct. The project will analyze the philosophical, political, and economic dimensions of this persistent ideological effect of an announcement from two decades ago, and refine the alternative in which the return of history is posited rather than thought and practiced. Based on these objectives, the expected deliverables of the project in form of research publications and public events will contribute to the ongoing debates on the recession and its social consequences.


Moder, Gregor. Hegel and Spinoza: Substance and Negativity. Evanston (IL): Northwestern University Press, 2017.

Žižek, Slavoj. Trouble in Paradise: From the End of History to the End of Capitalism. London: Allen Lane; Penguin Books, 2014.

Habjan, Jernej (ed. w. Jessica Whyte): (Mis)readings of Marx in Continental Philosophy. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
Spruk, Rok, and Aleksandar Kešeljević. Institutional Origins of Subjective Well-Being. Journal of Happiness Studies 17.2 (2016): 659–712.
Dolar, Mladen. The Owl of Minerva from Dusk till Dawn, or, Two Shades of Grey. Filozofija i društvo 26.4 (2015): 875–90.
Šumah, Lidija. Manjkajoča laž: Schönberg in Beethoven. Problemi 53.9–10 (2015): 117–34.

Project manager

Funded by

Slovenian Research Agency

Fields of research

Systematic philosophy, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, epistemology, ideology H120